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    Page Updated:
    December 3, 2022

     

     

     

     

  • How Risky is Your
    Country From Climate Change?
  • Climate Crisis Essay
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  • Documentaries to See
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    Climate Change YouTube Channel
  • The Causes & Consequences

    • The Approaches            • Resources

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    •  Easily Understood CC Presentation

    • CNN’s Exceptional Climate Journalism
  • The Flight For Their Lives
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  • Your City's CC Future


  • Climate Change / Global Warming News Stories in the Past 30 Days

    (Latest Dates First)
    • • U.S. Climate Law Calls for European Action
      This is in the Wake of a Historic Legislative Victory in the U.S.

      RE World

      Nov. 30, 2022 -The Inflation Reduction Act in the U.S. stands to invest nearly $400 billion in clean energy deployment and climate change mitigation. The law also incentivizes domestic manufacturing of technologies like solar modules, electric vehicles, and heat pumps.

      The breakthrough has left European clean energy counterparts longing for an industrial policy of their own. Europe, which was the epicenter of clean energy deployment in the 2010s, has watched manufacturing leave for more favorable markets. 

    • • The Secret of Seagrass
      Its Crucial Role in Fighting One of the Worst Effects of Climate Change

      ZME Science

      Nov. 30, 2021 -As the global sea level rises due to rising temperatures, the action of waves at higher altitudes increases the chances for extensive coastal erosion. The extent and severity of the problem are increasing at an alarming pace — but researchers may have found a way to reduce at least some of the problem.

    • • Targeting Environmental Criminals
      Behind Deforestation In Brazil
      The Amazon's Become a Hotspot For Illegal Activities

      ZME Science

      Nov. 25, 2022-Deforestation in Brazil reached a 15-year high during outgoing President Jair Bolsonaro, who pushed for legal and illegal mining and logging in the Amazon – a crucial biome for the entire role that plays a key role against climate change. Now, the US has decided to take a stronger stand and sanction environmental criminals across the country.

      The plan, unveiled by Reuters, represents a change in the US strategy to tackle climate change, adding sanctions to its toolkit of tax incentives and multilateral agreements.

    • • Could Hemp Be a Tool to Fight Climate Change?
      The Plant is Believed to Be Twice as Effective as Trees at Absorbing and Locking Up Carbon

      Guardian

      Nov. 24, 2021 -In all the debates on how to curb climate change, hemp is hardly mentioned. Better known as cannabis, modern varieties of hemp are too weak to use as narcotics, but they are extremely efficient at absorbing and locking up carbon.

    • • Slashing Water Use by Up to 70%
      Cheap, Sensor-Based Agriculture Could Do the Trick

      ZME Science

      Nov. 24, 2022 -Globally 70% of the freshwater withdrawals are used for agriculture. All agricultural products require water (though some, like meat, require much more). For as long as humans have worked the land, water management has been a crucial part of agriculture — which is very concerning given because we’re seeing widespread drought caused by climate change and our irresponsible use of water.

      Recurrent droughts in California and other parts of the US, extreme heat in Europe, scorching heatwaves in places like the Middle East and North Africa have made it clear that droughts are part of the new normal, and adapting is not easy.

    • • Extreme Heat Takes the Field
      Billions Are Watching the World
      Cup Play Out In One of
      the World’s Hottest Spots

      NYT

      Nov. 22, 2022, In a sense, this World Cup, which got started in Qatar on Sunday, might be the biggest climate event of the year.

      Yes, the global climate summit that just ended in Egypt is where policies are decided. But the World Cup is watched by billions of soccer fans, and this year, with the tournament being played in one of the fastest-warming countries on the planet, they could get a glimpse of the future.

    • • Climate Change Is Threatening Hawaii’s Coral Reefs
      So They Called the Insurance Guy

      NYT

      Nov. 21, 2022 -As climate change makes coastal storms more destructive, an environmental group is trying a new approach to protecting Hawaii’s coral reefs. It could become a model for defending natural structures around the country — if it works.

      Read on to see how the plan involves an urgent sequence of actions that, in theory, will unfold.

    • • The Saudi Strategy to Keep the World Hooked on Oil
      Keeping Fossil Fuels at
      the Center of The World
      Economy For Decades To Come

      NYT

      Nov. 21, 2022, Shimmering in the desert is a futuristic research center with an urgent mission: Make Saudi Arabia’s oil-based economy greener, and quickly. The goal is to rapidly build more solar panels and expand electric-car use so the kingdom eventually burns far less oil.

      But Saudi Arabia has a far different vision for the rest of the world. A major reason it wants to burn less oil at home is to free up even more to sell abroad.

    • • How Do This Year’s Climate Talks Rate?
      Success or COP-Out?

      AP Logo

      Nov 20, 2022 - After two weeks of haggling, officials on Sunday cheered the end of this year’s U.N. climate talks in Egypt, which resulted in the creation of a fund to help poor countries suffering under disasters driven by global warming.

      Expectations had been low for major agreements to come out of the meeting in Sharm el-Sheikh, but the recent floods in Pakistan and Nigeria boosted calls for urgent aid now.

    • • Scepticism Over Saudi Carbon Capture Plan
      Kingdom’s Announcement of New Storage Hub Seen as Delaying Fossil Fuel Transition

      Guardian

      Nov. 19, 2022 -Saudi Arabia is bolstering years of negotiation tactics designed to stymie vital climate negotiations with a focus on carbon capture technologies that experts say risk delaying a meaningful transition from fossil fuels.

    • • The Red Sea’s Coral Reefs
      Defy the Climate-Change Odds
      As Warming Waters Devastate Coral Around The World, The Sea’s Stunningly Colorful Reefs Have Been Remarkably Resilient. But...

      NYT

      Nov. 19, 2022, The vast majority of the world’s coral reefs are likely to be severely damaged in the coming decades if the planet keeps warming at its current rate.

      But the wildly colorful coral reefs in the waters outside the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm el Sheikh, where the annual United Nations climate conference is taking place, are an anomaly.

      They can tolerate the heat, but there's a limit to how much they can take.

    • • Billions of Dollars in Grant Money Heading Its Way
      Utilities Must Be Ready

      PGI

      Nov. 18, 2022 -Utilities typically are very good at planning. Most have ambitious goals to reduce carbon and strengthen and modernize the grid so it will support an electrified and decarbonized future.

      For those utilities in restructured markets where they don’t generate any power themselves, such as Exelon, that means beefing up their ability to integrate resources, enable resources, and optimize resources, according to Suzanna Mora-Schrader, senior director, strategic initiatives, Exelon.

    • • Visualizing the Data Behind the Climate Crisis
      These Graphs Tell the Story

      ZME Science

      Nov 18, 2022 -The world is heating up. It’s not an ideological, political, or philosophical debate — it’s already a physical reality.

      The extra heat is a direct result of our greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide (CO2). While other gases like methane can also make a notable difference, CO2 is the elephant in the room. The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is directly correlated with atmospheric temperatures, and the level has been increasing right after the Industrial Revolution started, due to our burning of fossil fuels. While the natural level of CO2 does fluctuate in time, this is unlike anything else in the past million years and is a direct result of human activity.

    • • Climate Change and the Population Question
      We've Reached 8 Billion Inhabitants. But More People Doesn’t Have to Mean More Greenhouse Gas Emissions

      NYT

      Nov 18, 2022 - Actually, what matters most is not how many we are. It’s how we live.

      More people doesn’t necessarily mean more emissions. More fossil fuel burning means more emissions. And more affluence has historically meant more fossil fuel burning. Take a look at the United States and India:

    • • COP27: Brazil is Back On the World Stage
      Lula Lets the
      Climate Summit Know

      BBC Logo

      Nov 17, 2022 - Walking into a room of supporters singing his name, Lula promised to restore the Amazon rainforest and chase down climate criminals.

      Huge numbers gathered to see him speak, making him one of the superstars of this summit.

    • • Europe Offshores Carbon Cuts
      Is It a Win-Win
      Or Climate Colonialism?

      Anthrop

      Nov 17, 2022 -A little-noticed clause in the 2015 Paris agreement allowed countries to cooperate in their efforts to reduce emissions. Nations that were running ahead of their commitments could help out those lagging behind—and get credit for it.

      Now Switzerland has forged a deal with Ghana that puts a price-tag on this cooperation. It will pay for efficient lighting and cleaner stoves in Ghana rather than make more expensive carbon cuts at home.

    • • How Hot Should Nations Allow the Earth to Get?
      A Clash Over Degrees:

      NYT

      Nov 16, 2022 - At last year’s global climate talks in Glasgow, world leaders, scientists and chief executives rallied around a call to “keep 1.5 alive.”

      The mantra was in reference to an aspirational goal that every government endorsed in the 2015 Paris climate agreement: try to stop global average temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels. Beyond that threshold, scientists say, the risk of climate catastrophes increases significantly.

    • • New Measure of Climate’s Toll:
      Disasters Are Now
      Common Across the U.S.

      NYT

      Nov 16, 2022 - A new report found that 90 percent of all counties nationwide have suffered a major disaster since 2011.

      The rising toll of climate change across the United States has been measured in lives lost, buildings destroyed and dollars spent on recovery. But a report released on Wednesday uses a different measure: Which parts of the country have suffered the greatest number of federally declared disasters?

    • • World’s Museums Urge Climate Activists
      Targeting ‘Irreplaceable’ Art to Stop
      Is That Targeting Plus
      or Minus for the Environment?

      WaPo

      Nov. 15, 2022 -From Claude Monet to Andy Warhol, several of the world’s greatest artists have had their masterpieces targeted this year by protesters seeking to draw global attention to the climate change emergency. Now, art galleries are pushing back.

    • • Earth Now Has 8 Billion People—And Counting
      A 1 Billion Increase
      In Just 12 Years

      NatGeo

      Nov 14, 2022 - From the emergence of Homo sapiens, it took roughly 300,000 years before one billion of us populated the Earth. That was around 1804, the year morphine was discovered, when Haiti declared independence from France, and when Beethoven first performed his Third Symphony in Vienna.

      We’ve added our most recent one billion more just since the first term of U.S. President Barack Obama.

    • • Brazil, Indonesia and Congo
      Sign Rainforest Protection Pact
      These Three Countries, are Home to More Than Half of the World’s Tropical Rainforests

      NYT

      Nov 14, 2022 -The three countries that are home to more than half of the world’s tropical rainforests — Brazil, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of Congo — are pledging to work together to establish a “funding mechanism” that could help preserve the forests, which help regulate the Earth’s climate and sustain a variety of animals, plants, birds and insects.

    • • Climate Change and Human Activity
      Erode Egypt’s Treasured Antiquities
      The Effects of Global Warming On the Country’s Monuments Are Already Striking

      NYT

      Nov 12, 2022 -Carter House (built 100 years ago)reopened last week, protected from its own water-hungry garden by a new circle of desert, after a two-year restoration that stabilized the foundations and supplied the interior with Carter-era furniture and artwork. The famed temples of Karnak and Medinet Habu are now guarded by giant pumps that suck groundwater away.

      But the danger is coming from above as well as below...

    • • The Bottom Line on Banks
      Financial Institutions Have Made Big Climate Pledges, But...

      NYT

      Nov 12, 2022 -A year ago, at the global climate summit in Glasgow, a group of some of the world’s biggest financial institutions agreed to end or offset all of their contributions to greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. They also said they’d commit their combined $130 trillion in assets toward creating a net-zero economy.

      It hasn't exactly worked out that way.

    • • Climate Change Can Help Heal Conflicts
      Here's How

      NatGeo

      Nov 10, 2022 - Amid mounting awareness of climate and the environment’s capacity to both fuel violence and suffer from it, EP’s champions insist that the natural world can help bring people together every bit as much as it is tearing them apart: Think of it as the optimistic flip side of climate-related violence.

    • • COP27: Sharp Rise in Fossil Fuel Industry Delegates
      Climate Action Could Be Moving Forward In Michigan, Maryland, Minnesota, and Even Texas

      BBC Logo

      Nov 10, 2022 - Campaign group Global Witness found more than 600 people at the talks in Egypt are linked to fossil fuels.

      That's more than the combined delegations from the 10 most climate-impacted countries.

      Around 35,000 people were expected to attend the COP27 summit in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

    • • CO2 Emissions Increased in
      2022 as Crises Roiled Energy Markets
      Global emissions From Fossil Fuels Are Likely to Reach Record Highs This Year

      NYT

      Nov 10, 2022 - Global fossil fuel emissions will most likely reach record highs in 2022 and do not yet show signs of declining, researchers said Thursday, a trend that puts countries further away from their goal of stopping global warming.

      This year, nations are projected to emit roughly 36.6 billion tons of planet-warming carbon dioxide by burning coal, natural gas and oil for energy, according to new data from the Global Carbon Project.

    • • Dash For African Oil and Gas
      Could Wipe Out Congo Basin Tropical Forests
      Third of Congo Basin’s Tropical Forests Are Under Threat From Fossil Fuel Investments, Undermining Climate Action
      Energy, and Env.l Impact

      Guardian

      Nov. 10, 2022 -The area of land given over to oil and gas extraction in Africa is set to quadruple, threatening to wipe out a third of the dense tropical forests in the Congo basin and accelerate the climate breakdown, a report warns.

    • • More Than 70,00 of the Highest
      Emitted Greenhouse Gasses Have Benn Identified
      Half of the 50 Largest Sources of Emissions Are Oil and Gas Production Fields and Their Associated Facilities

      CliTr

      Nov 9, 2022 - The top 500 sources represent less than 1% of the total Climate TRACE (CT) inventory but account for 14% of global emissions for 2021 – more than the annual emissions of the United States.

      Globally, emissions from oil and gas production are significantly underreported, with CT data showing that of the countries required to report regularly to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), emissions are as much as three times higher.

    • • Poor Countries Badly Need Climate Funding
      These Plans Could Unlock Trillions

      NYT

      Nov 9, 2022 -The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were created 80 years ago to rebuild countries devastated by World War II and to stabilize the global economy. But an expanding group of world leaders now say the two powerful institutions need a 21st century overhaul to handle a new destructive force: global warming.

      There is growing momentum behind a set of ideas that would fundamentally overhaul the two powerful financial institutions, which frequently loan or grant money from rich, industrialized nations to developing countries.

    • • Who’s Driving Climate Change?
      New Data Catalogs 72,000 Polluters and Counting

      NYT

      Nov 9, 2022 -Upstream from Shanghai along the Yangtze River, a sprawling factory complex in eastern China is churning out tens of millions of tons of steel a year — and immense quantities of planet-warming gases.

      The plant’s owner has not disclosed how much the site emits. Now, though, researchers say that by peering down from space, they have found that the factory’s emissions are likely higher than those of any other steel plant on Earth.

    • • Greenland’s Frozen Hinterlands
      Are Bleeding Worse Than We Thought
      Estimates of Global Sea Level Rise From Large Ice Flows Might Be Much Too Low

      SN

      Nov. 9, 2022 -Sea level rise may proceed faster than expected in the coming decades, as a gargantuan flow of ice slithering out of Greenland’s remote interior both picks up speed and shrinks.

      By the end of the century, the ice stream’s deterioration could contribute to nearly 16 millimeters of global sea level rise — more than six times the amount scientists had previously estimated, researchers report November 9 in Nature.

    • • The World Is Falling Short of Its Climate Goals
      Four Big Emitters Show Why

      NYT

      Nov. 8, 2022 -Seven years after the Paris Agreement, in which leaders pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to avoid the worst effects of climate change, the world is still not on track to meet those goals.

      New data published by Climate Action Tracker, an independent research group, ahead of this week’s United Nations climate summit reveals the gap.

    • • How to Move a Country
      Fiji’s Radical Plan to Escape Rising Sea Levels

      Guardian

      Nov. 8, 2022 -For the past four years, a special government taskforce in Fiji has been trying to work out how to move the country. The plan it has come up with runs to 130 pages of dense text, interspersed with intricate spider graphs and detailed timelines.

      The document has an uninspiring title – Standard Operating Procedures for Planned Relocations – but it is the most thorough plan ever devised to tackle one of the most urgent consequences of the climate crisis: how to relocate communities whose homes will soon be, or already are, underwater.

    • • Switzerland Won't Cut It's Own Emissions, But...
      It's Paying Poorer Nations to Cut Them on Its Behalf

      NYT

      Nov. 7, 2022 -Switzerland, one of the world’s richest nations, has an ambitious climate goal: It promises to cut its greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030.

      But the Swiss don’t intend to reduce emissions by that much within their own borders. Instead, the European country is dipping into its sizable coffers to pay poorer nations, like Ghana or Dominica, to reduce emissions there — and give Switzerland credit for it.

    • • How Much Do Developing
      Countries Collect For Climate Funding?
      Surprise Answer:
      2$ Trillion By 2030

      Guardian

      Nov. 7, 2022 -The cash will be needed so that poor countries can switch away from fossil fuels, invest in renewable energy and other low-carbon technology, and cope with the impacts of extreme weather, according to a report that was commissioned jointly by the UK and Egyptian governments, and presented at the Cop27 UN climate summit.

    • • World Faces ‘Terminal’ Loss
      of Arctic Sea Ice During Summers
      From Scientists at University of Massachusetts Amherst

      Guardian

      Nov. 7, 2022 -The climate crisis has pushed the planet’s stores of ice to a widespread collapse that was “unthinkable just a decade ago”, with Arctic sea ice certain to vanish in summers and ruinous sea level rise from melting glaciers now already in motion, a major new report has warned.

      Even if planet-heating emissions are radically cut, the world’s vast ice sheets at the poles will continue to melt away for hundreds of years, causing up to three metres of sea level rise that will imperil coastal cities, the report states.

    • • Farmers In Spain Face an Olive Crisis
      The Drought Tests the Resistance

      AP Logo

      Nov. 7, 2022 - An extremely hot, dry summer that shrank reservoirs and sparked forest fires is now threatening the heartiest of Spain’s staple crops: the olives that make the European country the world’s leading producer and exporter of the tiny green fruits that are pressed into golden oil.

      Industry experts and authorities predict Spain’s fall olive harvest will be nearly half the size of last year’s, another casualty of global weather shifts caused by climate change.

    • • UN: Climate Woes Bad and Getting Worse Faster
      Last 8 Years Have Been the Warmest on Record

      SHT

      Nov. 7, 2022 -Earth’s warming weather and rising seas are getting worse and doing so faster than before, the World Meteorological Organization warned Sunday in a somber note as world leaders started gathering for international climate negotiations.

    • • Developing Nations Have a
      Message at Global Climate Talks
      Polluters, Pay Up

      NYT

      Nov. 6, 2022 -In Pakistan, flooding this summer killed 1,700 people and left one-third of the country underwater. In Fiji, entire villages are retreating inland to escape rising seas. In Kenya, persistent drought has killed livestock and devastated livelihoods.

      They are among scores of developing countries that face irreversible damage from climate change but have done little to cause the crisis.

    • • As Other Global Crises Collide,
      Nations Converge to Address Climate Change
      The U.S. Hopes to Reassert Global Leadership At Egypt Global Talks

      NYT

      Nov. 4, 2022 -World leaders will gather in Egypt next week to confront climate change at a moment of colliding crises: a war in Europe that has upended energy markets, rising global inflation, deep political divisions in many countries and tension between the world’s two greatest polluters, China and the United States.

      The conditions don’t bode well for a mission that demands cooperation among nations to bring down the pollution from burning oil, gas and coal that is warming the planet.

    • • What Do Big Polluters Owe?
      The Nations Least Responsible For Climate Change Are Hardest Hit

      NYT

      Nov. 4, 2022 -Families in Kenya who lost all their livestock in successive droughts and who risk losing their very way of life. Construction workers in India who fall sick in extreme heat and risk falling deeper into poverty. Countries' economies were devastated by one terrible storm.

      Who owes them what?

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    Of Possible Climate Change Interest

     

  • Easter Island at Risk
    From Rising Seas, Extreme Weather
  • The Year in Climate News
  • Add Climate Change to the Afghanistan's Woes
  • Global Warming Vs. Climate Change:
    Questions Answered
  • Bad Future, Better Future
  • Tick Tock Goes the Climate Clock
  • Alaska: 4th National
    Climate Assessment
  • Paying Farmers to Bury
    Carbon Pollution In Soil
  • The Rapid Thawing
    of the Permafrost Layer
  • The Atlas The USDA Forgot to Delete
  • AT&T Maps Out
    Climate Change Dangers
  • The Human Element Documentary
  • Climate Change and Tornado Effects
  • 6 Week Lessons on Climate Solutions
  • Must-See Climate Change Films
  • Taking a Leaf Out of Thoreau’s Book
  • Download a Climate Change Free eBook
  • Defending the Climate Against Deniers
  • Asia's Vital Rivers
  • Graph: The Relentless Rise in CO2
  • A Solar Solution For Desalination
  • What Should Know About Asia's Rivers
  • Residential Heat Pumps:
    Part of the Climate Solution?
  • Climate Change Has Forced Indonesian
    Capital to Move
  • A Massive Antarctica
    Lake Vanished In Days
  • Louisiana's 2023 Plan to Save Its Coast
  • What Keeps Climate
    Scientists Up at Night?
  • The Amazon Was the Lungs of the Planet
  • Climate Change and Mercury Toxicity
  • Great Barrier Reef's Great Challenge
  • Artificial Glaciers To the Rescue!
  • It's Our Planet (While We Still Have It)
  • Greenhouse Gasses and Climate Reality
  • The Carbon Fee & Dividend Act
  • How About 'No Glacier' National Park?
  • Family Planning & Climate Change
  • A Conversation with “Her Deepness”
  • The Difference Between 2C
    and 1.5C of Warming
  • Climate Change by Air, Land and Sea
  • Climate Change Arguments Cartoons
  • Kelp: The Climate-Friendly Vegetable
  • Biodiversity at the The
    Climate Law Institute
  • Global CO2 Levels in Weather Reporting
  • The Great Climate Migration
  • ProPublica Support for the Above Article
  • Building climate Resilience in Cities:
    lessons From New York

    Yale CC Communication

    Jan. 22, 2022,-We live in an urbanizing world. Up to two-thirds of the its population – some six billion people – may live in cities by 2050.

    Cities have emerged as first responders to climate change because they experience the impacts of natural disasters firsthand and because they produce up to 70 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Postcards From a World on Fire
  • Big Tech Climate Policy
  • Seaweed 'Forests' Can Help
    Fight Climate Change
  • Global Warming's Six Americas
  • Lebanon Flooding Affecting Refugees
  • Climate Perspective-
    Explaining Extreme Events
  • Learn How Your State Makes Electricity
  • The Development of
    Self-Destructive Plastic
  • Your State's Climate Change Risk
  • Climate Hub (from the NY Times)
  • Carbon Offsets Fight Climate Change
  • Fight Climate Change:
    Make Your Own Glacier
  • 6 Climate Leaders Tell Their Story
  • Climavore (Good-Tasting Conservation)
  • The Climate Refugee - A Growing Class
  • How Flood-Vulnerable Is Miami?
  • How to Answer a Climate Skeptic
  • Food and Climate Change
  • 20 Ways to Reduce
    Our Carbon Footprint
  • Climate Change’s Affect
    on American Birds
  • Predicting San Francisco in 2075
  • Back Arrow

    Causes and Consequences

    Click on a subject for more information.

  • Meat Consumption
  • CO2 Pollution
  • Concrete's Footprint
  • Deforestation
  • Ice Meltdown
  • Poor Regulation
  • Population Growth
  • Sea-Level Rise
  • Approaches

    Click on a subject for more information.

    Back Arrow

     

    Climate Change in Your City's Future

    Using the Calculator
    (click the image for more)

    The free to download ESD Research app was developed by EarthSystemData together with the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change at East Anglia University. It’s being launched the same week the United Nations COP26 climate conference was supposed to start in Scotland (which has been postponed until next year due to the coronavirus pandemic).

    The simulations allow users to see what their city would look like in 2100 if global warming is limited to below 2ºC, which is the goal of the Paris Agreement from 2015. Then, as a second scenario, it shows the results of a “moderate” emissions reduction, with global temperatures reaching about 4ºC in 2100.

    Using it is pretty straightforward. You go into the app, type in the location you want to look at and then the app shows simulations of the current climate and projections of the future with the two possible scenarios. ESD Research is already available to download for free in the Apple Store and in Google Play.

    The researchers at Tyndall said that many cities are predicted to warm by approximately the same as the planet average by the end of the century — both in the low CO2 emissions and the moderate CO2 emissions projections. The warming in the Arctic could be more than double or more the planetary average increase in temperature.

    Back Arrow